Characterization of wood-adhesive bonds in wet conditions by means of nanoindentation and tensile shear strength

Bockel, Stefan; Harling, S.; Grönquist, P.; Niemz, Peter; Pichelin, Frédéric; Weiland, G.; Konnerth, Johannes (2020). Characterization of wood-adhesive bonds in wet conditions by means of nanoindentation and tensile shear strength European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 78(3), pp. 449-459. Springer 10.1007/s00107-020-01520-1

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The performance of adhesive-hardwood bonds can often be sensitive to humidity and temperature variation. Therefore, it is frequently challenging to achieve standard requirements for structural applications. To gain a better understanding of the wood-adhesive bond, the properties of the individual constituents as well as the local interface of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) wood cell walls in contact with structural adhesives were analyzed by means of nanoindentation. These results are compared to classical lap-shear strength. As adhesives two different one-component polyurethane adhesives (1C PUR) and a phenol resorcinol formaldehyde adhesive (PRF) were used. In one case, the beech wood was additionally pre-treated with an adhesion-promoting agent (primer) prior to bonding with 1C PUR. Beech wood joints were analyzed subsequent to several treatments, namely standard climate, after wet storage and in re-dried conditions. In addition, the influence of the primer on the hydroxyl accessibility of beech wood was investigated with dynamic vapor sorption (DVS). The lap-shear strength revealed good performance in dry and re-dried conditions for all adhesives on beech. Both polyurethane adhesives obtained deficits when tested in wet conditions. The use of a primer significantly improved the PUR performance in wet condition. DVS experiment demonstrated a decrease in hydroxyl group accessibility when using a high primer concentration. As novelty, nanoindentation was used for the first time to characterize the local wood–adhesive-interface properties in wet conditions. Nanoindentation showed that all tested 1C PUR perform quite similar in room climate, while PRF achieves considerable higher values for reduced E-modulus and hardness. Wet storage led to a considerable reduction in mechanical properties for all adhesives, while the highest relative change was observed for PRF. After re-drying, the adhesives re-gained a large part of their original mechanical properties in room climate. No distinct effect of the primer on the local micromechanical properties could be detected with nanoindentation in terms of specific work of indentation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material

Name:

Bockel, Stefan;
Harling, S.;
Grönquist, P.;
Niemz, Peter;
Pichelin, Frédéric;
Weiland, G. and
Konnerth, Johannes

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction

ISSN:

0018-3768

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville

Date Deposited:

12 May 2020 13:37

Last Modified:

12 May 2020 13:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00107-020-01520-1

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11771

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11771

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