European beech ( Fagus sylvatica L .) glued laminated timber : Lamination strength grading , production and mechanical properties

Ehrhart, Thomas; Lehmann, Martin; Frangi, Andrea (2019). European beech ( Fagus sylvatica L .) glued laminated timber : Lamination strength grading , production and mechanical properties In: International Scientific Conference on Hardwood Processing, ISCHP 19 (pp. 252-267). TU Delft

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This paper presents the results of extensive investigations on the lamination strength grading, the production and the mechanical properties of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) glued laminated timber (GLT). Based on the analysis of potential influencing parameters on strength and stiffness as well as subsequent tension tests parallel to the grain on single boards, a combined visual/machine approach for grading the raw material into tensile strength classes T50, T42, T33 and T22 was developed. Boards strength graded with the developed procedure were then finger-jointed by a Swiss GLT producer and the strength of the finger joints was investigated by means of tension and bending tests. The strength and durability of the bonding was investigated and verified by means of tensile-shear and delamination tests. It could be shown that the required finger-joint and bondline strengths for GLT of strength classes GL40, GL48 and GL55 can be achieved. Finally, an extensive experimental testing campaign was performed to investigate the mechanical properties of European beech GLT produced based on the strength grading rules and production techniques developed before. Bending, tensile and compressive parallel to the grain, as well as shear tests were carried out on GLT specimens of strength classes GL40, GL48 and GL55 in different sizes in terms of cross-section and length. Based on these investigations and complementing numerical simulations, characteristic strength and stiffness values and formulae for consideration of size effects in bending, tension and shear were determined.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material

Name:

Ehrhart, Thomas;
Lehmann, Martin and
Frangi, Andrea

Subjects:

T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction

Publisher:

TU Delft

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville

Date Deposited:

13 May 2020 09:19

Last Modified:

13 May 2020 09:19

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11752

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11752

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