Design and Content Quality of Alcohol-Related German, French and Italian Self-Tracking Applications

Klingemann, Harald; Flückiger, Michael; Bongard, Thierry; Büchi, Marlen Eva; Carrara, Marco (2020). Design and Content Quality of Alcohol-Related German, French and Italian Self-Tracking Applications Substance Use & Misuse, 55(5), pp. 851-859. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/10826084.2019.1708117

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Background: Research on the increasing use of mobile technology in the addiction field is mainly focused on data collection and brief interventions. The acceptance and outcomes of autonomous self-tracking and self-governance as key elements for behavior change are under-researched. Purpose/Objectives: The objective of the study was to conduct a quality assessment of design and content features of self-tracking smartphone applications related to alcohol use, available in German, Italian, or French. Methods: A total of 25 self-tracking applications were identified, of which 17 could be assessed with the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS), the System Usability Scale (SUS), and an additional content quality checklist based on the theoretical self-change framework (n = 13). Results: The scale design analysis showed a rather positive picture. Using the SUS, only six cases were below the reference average (x = 68), and three were clearly above average. Application of the MARS showed higher scores among the self-tracking applications in this study than among the health applications reviewed in the original MARS study. Better design quality goes together with better basic content quality. However, a closer look at the “interactivity scores” and the “risk/information barometer,” as well as at the individual subtopics of the 10-point content checklist revealed major shortcomings. Conclusions/Importance: Improvements are necessary for consumer information in app stores, increased availability of alcohol-related self-tracking applications, transparent quality assurance regarding evidence-based content, and user-friendly design quality, to provide guidance for potential users on how to successfully navigate a highly unstable digital environment. Keywords: Recovery, quantified self, self-tracking, Switzerland, quality assessment, digital tools

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Bern University of the Arts
Bern University of the Arts > Institute of Design Research

Name:

Klingemann, Harald0000-0003-0957-7220;
Flückiger, Michael;
Bongard, Thierry;
Büchi, Marlen Eva and
Carrara, Marco

Subjects:

H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering

ISSN:

1082-6084

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Michael Flückiger

Date Deposited:

14 Apr 2020 16:15

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2020 13:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/10826084.2019.1708117

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Recovery, quantified self, self-tracking, Switzerland, quality assessment, digital tools

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11647

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11647

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