The reaction in water of UF resins with isocyanates at short curing times: A13C NMR investigation

Wieland, S.; Pizzi, A.; Hill, S.; Grigsby, W.; Pichelin, Frédéric (2006). The reaction in water of UF resins with isocyanates at short curing times: A13C NMR investigation Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 100(2), pp. 1624-1632. Wiley 10.1002/app.23679

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

CP MAS 13C NMR spectra of hardened resins have shown that urethane bridges derived from the reaction of the isocyanate group with the hydroxymethyl group of urea do form even at fast curing times comparable to what was used in the wood panels industry, in lower proportions than what was shown earlier. Polyureas and biurets obtained from the reaction of isocyanate with water are the predominant crosslinking reactions of pMDI alone and in UF/pMDI resin systems under fast curing conditions. Residual, unreacted isocyanate groups in the hardened network are consistently observed. Their proportion markedly decreases when the original proportion of urea–formaldehyde (UF) resin is high and that of pMDI is low. Under these fast curing conditions, the UF resin appears to self‐condense through an unusually high proportion of methylene ether links rather than methylene bridges alone. A marked proportion of residual, unreacted hydroxymethyl groups is also noticeable, initially, in the UF self‐condensation network. Direct NMR tests on thin hardboard bonded under fast pressing conditions with different proportions of UF/pMDI confirmed that crosslinking due to polyureas and biurets formation are predominant in the crosslinking of pMDI when alone and in UF/pMDI resin systems. They confirmed that residual, unreacted isocyanate groups are present in the finished panel. Their proportion is higher when the proportion of pMDI in the system is high. The presence or absence of urethanes could not be confirmed directly on the panels as the relevant peaks are masked by the wood carbohydrates signals of wood cellulose and hemicelluloses. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 100: 1624–1632, 2006

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres and strategic thematic fields > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material


Wieland, S.;
Pizzi, A.;
Hill, S.;
Grigsby, W. and
Pichelin, Frédéric0000-0003-3856-6707


Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology








Sally Haddad

Date Deposited:

12 May 2020 11:28

Last Modified:

27 Sep 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

NMR structure isocyanates urea–formaldehyde resins urethanes reactions


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback