Comparison of End-of-Life Care Practices Between Children With Complex Chronic Conditions and Neonates Dying in an ICU Versus Non-ICUs: A Substudy of the Pediatric End-of-LIfe CAre Needs in Switzerland (PELICAN) Project

Ramelet, Anne-Sylvie; Bergstraesser, Eva; Grandjean, Chantal; Dorsaz, Anouk; Fahrni-Nater, Patricia; Cignacco Müller, Eva; Zimmerman, Karin (2020). Comparison of End-of-Life Care Practices Between Children With Complex Chronic Conditions and Neonates Dying in an ICU Versus Non-ICUs: A Substudy of the Pediatric End-of-LIfe CAre Needs in Switzerland (PELICAN) Project Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 21(5), e236-e246. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002259

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Objectives To describe and compare characteristics of care provided at the end of life for children with chronic complex con- ditions and neonates who died in an ICU with those who died outside an ICU. Design Substudy of a nation-wide retrospective chart review. Setting: Thirteen hospitals, including 14 pediatric and neonatal ICUs, two long-term institutions, and 10 community-based organ- izations in the three language regions of Switzerland. Patients: One hundred forty-nine children (0–18 yr) who died in the years 2011 or 2012. Causes of death were related to cardiac, neurologic, oncological, or neonatal conditions. Interventions None. Measurements and Main Results Demographic and clinical characteristics, therapeutic procedures, circumstances of death, and pat- terns of decisional processes were extracted from the medical charts. Ninety-three (62%) neonates (median age, 4 d) and children (median age, 23 mo) died in ICU, and 56 (38%) with a median age of 63 months outside ICU. Generally, ICU patients had more therapeutic and invasive procedures, compared with non-ICU patients. Changes in treatment plan in the last 4 weeks of life, such as do-not-resusci- tate orders occurred in 40% of ICU patients and 25% of non-ICU patients (p < 0.001). In the ICU, when decision to withdraw life-sus- taining treatment was made, time to death in children and newborns was 4:25 and 3:00, respectively. In institutions where it was available, involvement of specialized pediatric palliative care services was recorded in 15 ICU patients (43%) and in 18 non-ICU patients (78%) (p = 0.008). Conclusions This nation-wide study demonstrated that patients with a complex chronic condition who die in ICU, compared with those who die outside ICU, are characterized by fast changing care situations, including when to withdraw life-sustaining treatment. This highlights the importance of early effective communication and shared decision making among clinicians and families. (Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020; XX:00–00)

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Geburtshilfe > Angewandte Forschung und Entwicklung Geburtshilfe
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Geburtshilfe
Department of Health Professions

Name:

Ramelet, Anne-Sylvie; Bergstraesser, Eva; Grandjean, Chantal; Dorsaz, Anouk; Fahrni-Nater, Patricia; Cignacco Müller, Eva and Zimmerman, Karin

Subjects:

R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RT Nursing
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine

ISSN:

1529-7535

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] The Swiss Cancer League/Swiss Cancer Research
[UNSPECIFIED] Nursing Science Foundation, Basel
[UNSPECIFIED] Federal Office of Public Health
[UNSPECIFIED] Start Stipend Department Public Health, University of Basel

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jean Anthony Grand-Guillaume-Perrenoud

Date Deposited:

04 Mar 2020 14:44

Last Modified:

03 May 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/PCC.0000000000002259

Uncontrolled Keywords:

chronic disease; end-of-life; intensive care units; neonatal; pediatrics; withholding treatment

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11415

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11415

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