Parameters influencing wood-dowel welding by high-speed rotation

Kanazawa, F.; Pizzi, A.; Properzi, M.; Delmotte, L.; Pichelin, Frédéric (2005). Parameters influencing wood-dowel welding by high-speed rotation Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 19(12), pp. 1025-1038. 10.1163/156856105774382444

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Oven-dry dowels, insertion of hot dowels, cross-cut dowels, substrate holes of stepdecreasing diameter as a function of depth, use of ethylene glycol or other compounds able to decrease the glass transition temperature of wood components have all been shown to contribute to improving weld joint strengths in a variety of less drastic conditions than the 10 mm/8 mm dowel/substrate hole diameter difference. The results show that once the depth of the dowel is much greater than 15 mm, then almost all the conditions used improve the weld strength. This means that the proportion of area welded in relation to the tensile strength of the dowel itself is a determining factor. The greater this area the higher the strength, irrespective of the application conditions used. Thus, over a certain welded area the dowel breaks when tested in tensile, i.e., the joint is stronger than the dowel. Temperatures > 180°C are reached during the quick welding step with the temperature decreasing in less than l min to 60-70°C. The same chemical reactions as occurring in vibrational welding have been shown by solid-state 13C-NMR analysis to also occur in dowel rotation welding. In dowel rotation welding the production of carbohydrate-derived furanic aldehydes is higher (a) from the wood material of the substrate in which the hole is pre-drilled rather than from the material of the wood dowel itself, (b) when the weld joint strength is good, and (c) when the rate of dowel insertion is higher

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres and strategic thematic fields > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material


Kanazawa, F.;
Pizzi, A.;
Properzi, M.;
Delmotte, L. and
Pichelin, Frédéric0000-0003-3856-6707


Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TS Manufactures




Frédéric Pichelin

Date Deposited:

21 Apr 2020 14:50

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2022 10:03

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adhesion Adhesives Joint strength Lignin Polymer melting Temperature Wood welding parameters


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