Relationship between the objectively-assessed neighborhood area and activity behavior in Swiss youth

Bringolf-Isler, Bettina; Kriemler, Susi; Mäder, Urs; Dössegger, Alain; Hofmann, Heidi; Puder, Jardena; Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte (2014). Relationship between the objectively-assessed neighborhood area and activity behavior in Swiss youth Preventive Medicine Reports, 1(2014), pp. 14-20. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.09.001

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Background Neighborhood attributes are modifiable determinants of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). We tested whether the objectively-assessed built and social environment was associated with PA and SB in Swiss youth and whether sex, age and the socioeconomic position (Swiss-SEP) modified such associations. Methods We combined data of 1742 youth (ages 4 to 17) from seven studies conducted within Switzerland between 2005–2010. All youth provided accelerometer data and a home address, which was linked to objective environmental data and the Swiss-SEP-index. Associations between neighborhood attributes and PA were analyzed by multivariable multilevel regression analyses. Results The extent of green areas and building density was positively associated with PA in the total sample (p < 0.05). Factors representing centrally located areas, and more schoolchildren living nearby tended to increase PA in secondary schoolchildren, boys and those from lower-ranked socioeconomic areas. In primary schoolchildren, the extent of green areas was positively associated with PA (p = 0.05). Associations between neighborhood attributes and PA were more pronounced in youth from low socioeconomic areas. Conclusions The results indicate that some associations between neighborhood attributes and PA differ by age, sex and socioeconomic area. This should be taken into account when planning interventions to increase childhood PA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport
Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Lehre und Sportpädagogik > Monitoring

Name:

Bringolf-Isler, Bettina;
Kriemler, Susi;
Mäder, Urs;
Dössegger, Alain;
Hofmann, Heidi;
Puder, Jardena and
Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte

ISSN:

2211-3355

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2020 11:12

Last Modified:

27 Sep 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.09.001

PubMed ID:

26844034

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Accelerometer Youth Neighborhood Physical activity Sedentary behavior Socioeconomic environment

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11159

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11159

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