Repeated Double-Poling Sprint Training in Hypoxia by Competitive Cross-country Skiers

Faiss, Raphael; Willis, Sarah; Born, Dennis-Peter; Sperlich, Billy; Vesin, Jean-Marc; Holmberg, Hans-Christer; Millet, Grégoire P. (2015). Repeated Double-Poling Sprint Training in Hypoxia by Competitive Cross-country Skiers Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47(4), pp. 809-817. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000464

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Purpose: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) was recently shown to improve repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in cycling. This phenomenon is likely to reflect fiber type-dependent, compensatory vasodilation, and therefore, our hypothesis was that RSH is even more beneficial for activities involving upper body muscles, such as double poling during cross-country skiing. Methods: In a double-blinded fashion, 17 competitive cross-country skiers performed six sessions of repeated sprints (each consisting of four sets of five 10-s sprints, with 20-s intervals of recovery) either in normoxia (RSN, 300 m; FiO2, 20.9%; n = 8) or normobaric hypoxia (RSH, 3000 m; FiO2, 13.8 %; n = 9). Before (pre) and after (post) training, performance was evaluated with an RSA test (10-s all-out sprints-20-s recovery, until peak power output declined by 30%) and a simulated team sprint (team sprint, 3 × 3-min all-out with 3-min rest) on a double-poling ergometer. Triceps brachii oxygenation was measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. Results: From pretraining to posttraining, peak power output in the RSA was increased (P < 0.01) to the same extent (29% ± 13% vs 26% ± 18%, nonsignificant) in RSH and in RSN whereas the number of sprints performed was enhanced in RSH (10.9 ± 5.2 vs 17.1 ± 6.8, P < 0.01) but not in RSN (11.6 ± 5.3 vs 11.7 ± 4.3, nonsignificant). In addition, the amplitude in total hemoglobin variations during sprints throughout RSA rose more in RSH (P < 0.01). Similarly, the average power output during all team sprints improved by 11% ± 9% in RSH and 15% ± 7% in RSN. Conclusions: Our findings reveal greater improvement in the performance of repeated double-poling sprints, together with larger variations in the perfusion of upper body muscles in RSH compared with those in RSN.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Sportphysiologie Ausdauer

Name:

Faiss, Raphael;
Willis, Sarah;
Born, Dennis-Peter;
Sperlich, Billy;
Vesin, Jean-Marc;
Holmberg, Hans-Christer and
Millet, Grégoire P.

ISSN:

0195-9131 (Print) 1530-0315 (Online)

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

22 Mar 2021 09:57

Last Modified:

22 Mar 2021 09:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1249/MSS.0000000000000464

PubMed ID:

25083727

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Altitude training Repeated sprints Cross-country ski Performance

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11156

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11156

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