Beta-Alanine Supplementation Improves Jumping Power and Affects Severe-Intensity Performance in Professional Alpine Skiers

Gross, Micah; Bieri, Kathrin; Hoppeler, Hans; Norman, Barbara; Vogt, Michael (2014). Beta-Alanine Supplementation Improves Jumping Power and Affects Severe-Intensity Performance in Professional Alpine Skiers International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 24(6), pp. 665-673. Human Kinetics 10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0253

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Introduction: Supplementation with beta-alanine may have positive effects on severe-intensity, intermittent, and isometric strength-endurance performance. These could be advantageous for competitive alpine skiers, whose races last 45 to 150 s, require metabolic power above the aerobic maximum, and involve isometric muscle work. Further, beta-alanine supplementation affects the muscle force-frequency relationship, which could influence explosiveness. We explored the effects of beta-alanine on explosive jump performance, severe exercise energy metabolism, and severe-intensity ski-like performance. Methods: Nine male elite alpine skiers consumed 4.8 g/d beta-alanine or placebo for 5 weeks in a double-blind fashion. Before and after, they performed countermovement jumps (CMJ), a 90-s cycling bout at 110% VO2max (CLT), and a maximal 90-s box jump test (BJ90). Results: Beta-alanine improved maximal (+7 ± 3%, d = 0.9) and mean CMJ power (+7 ± 2%, d = 0.7), tended to reduce oxygen deficit (-3 ± 8%, p = .06) and lactate accumulation (-12 ± 31%) and enhance aerobic energy contribution (+1.3 ± 2.9%, p = .07) in the CLT, and improved performance in the last third of BJ90 (+7 ± 4%, p = .02). These effects were not observed with placebo. Conclusions: Beta-alanine supplementation improved explosive and repeated jump performance in elite alpine skiers. Enhanced muscle contractility could possibly explain improved explosive and repeated jump performance. Increased aerobic energy production could possibly help explain repeated jump performance as well.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Sportphysiologie Kraft

Name:

Gross, Micah;
Bieri, Kathrin;
Hoppeler, Hans;
Norman, Barbara and
Vogt, Michael

ISSN:

1526-484X (Print) 1543-2742 (Online)

Publisher:

Human Kinetics

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

22 Mar 2021 09:29

Last Modified:

29 Sep 2021 02:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0253

PubMed ID:

24901210

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Carnosine Skiing Box-jump test Buffering capacity Energy production

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.11138

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11138

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