Sex differences on use of associative and dissociative cognitive strategies among male and female athletes

Antonini Philippe, Roberta; Seiler, Roland (2005). Sex differences on use of associative and dissociative cognitive strategies among male and female athletes Perceptual and Motor Skills, 101(2), pp. 440-444. Sage 10.2466/pms.101.2.440-444

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This study assessed whether men and women differed in using associative and dissociative cognitive strategies during athletic performance. Athletes (31 men, M age = 23.2 yr., SD = 3.9 and 29 women, M age = 22.9 yr., SD = 4.3) who practiced endurance activities (running, swimming, and cycling) were considered high-level performers because they participated in national or international competition. The athletes were interviewed, and Schomer's 1986 method of measurement was used to evaluate and quantify two cognitive strategies. Most specifically, categories of association concerned the way the athlete paid close attention to bodily signals, and categories of dissociation described how the athlete shunned sensory inputs. Analysis of variance and the t test showed that women tend to be more dissociative than men and men more associative than women. The results suggest that pain perception in these sports may be a function of sex.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM
Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Sportpsychologie

Name:

Antonini Philippe, Roberta and
Seiler, Roland

ISSN:

0031-5125 (Print) 1558-688X (Online)

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2021 12:30

Last Modified:

23 Sep 2021 02:17

Publisher DOI:

10.2466/pms.101.2.440-444

PubMed ID:

16383077

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adolescent Adult Association Attention Competitive behavior Dissociative disorders psychology Female Humans Male Pain threshold Physical endurance Sex factors Sports psychology Thinking

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10978

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