Dietary Supplement Use in Young Elite Athletes and School Children Aged 11 to 13 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Design

Kratzenstein, Stephanie; Carlsohn, Anja; Heydenreich, Juliane; Mayer, Frank (2016). Dietary Supplement Use in Young Elite Athletes and School Children Aged 11 to 13 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Design Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 67(1), pp. 13-17. Dynamic Media Sales 10.5960/dzsm.2015.203

[img]
Preview
Text
Kratzenstein_2016_Dietary Supplement Use in Young Elite Athletes and School Children Aged 11 to 13 Years.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike (CC-BY-NC-SA).

Download (206kB) | Preview

Objective: Information about dietary supplement (DS) use in young German athletes beginning their sporting career is scarce and possible differences to their non-athlete counterparts are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze DS use in young elite German athletes (A) and non-athlete (NA) controls. Method: During pre-participation examinations, 562 athletes (323m/239f, 11.7±0.6 years) and 69 non-athletes (12m/57f; 12.5±0.5 years) answered a standardized questionnaire analyzing the prevalence of DS use, reasons for intake, and sources of information. Group differences were analyzed with Chi² test (α=0.05). Results: 14% of A and 20% of NA used DS, with no statistically significant differences between groups (p=0.231). Magnesium (A: 35%; NA: 36%) and calcium (A: 28%; NA: 7%) were the most frequently used minerals. Vitamin C (A: 37%; NA: 36%) and multi-vitamin supplements (A: 40%; NA: 29%) were the most often used vitamins. The main reason for DS intake was for health improvement (A: 77%; NA: 71%). The main information source was cited as their parents (A: 66%, NA: 71%). Discussion: Young German athletes beginning their sporting career show similar supplementation habits astheir non-athletic counterparts. Compared to the literature, prevalence of DS use amongst the observed athletes is low. This is likely to increase with age and growing performance level. Keeping that and possible doping infractions or overdoses in mind, nutritional education should start early in ones sporting career and should include the parents.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Lehre und Sportpädagogik > Monitoring

Name:

Kratzenstein, Stephanie;
Carlsohn, Anja;
Heydenreich, Juliane and
Mayer, Frank

ISSN:

0344-5925 (Print) 2510-5264 (Online)

Publisher:

Dynamic Media Sales

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2020 16:11

Last Modified:

07 Oct 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:

10.5960/dzsm.2015.203

Related URLs:

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dietary supplement Nutritional supplement Elite athlete Adolescent Sports nutrition Non-athlete

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.10947

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10947

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback