Effect of Repeated Whole Blood Donations on Aerobic Capacity and Hemoglobin Mass in Moderately Trained Male Subjects: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Meurrens, Julie; Steiner, Thomas; Ponette, Jonathan; Janssen, Hans Antonius; Ramaekers, Monique; Wehrlin, Jon Peter; Vandekerckhove, Philippe; Deldicque, Louise (2016). Effect of Repeated Whole Blood Donations on Aerobic Capacity and Hemoglobin Mass in Moderately Trained Male Subjects: a Randomized Controlled Trial Sports Medicine - Open, 2(1), p. 43. Springer 10.1186/s40798-016-0067-7

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Background: The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of three whole blood donations on endurance capacity and hematological parameters and to determine the duration to fully recover initial endurance capacity and hematological parameters after each donation. Methods: Twenty-four moderately trained subjects were randomly divided in a donation (n = 16) and a placebo (n = 8) group. Each of the three donations was interspersed by 3 months, and the recovery of endurance capacity and hematological parameters was monitored up to 1 month after donation. Results: Maximal power output, peak oxygen consumption, and hemoglobin mass decreased (p < 0.001) up to 4 weeks after a single blood donation with a maximal decrease of 4, 10, and 7%, respectively. Hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration, ferritin, and red blood cell count (RBC), all key hematological parameters for oxygen transport, were lowered by a single donation (p < 0.001) and cumulatively further affected by the repetition of the donations (p < 0.001). The maximal decrease after a blood donation was 11% for hematocrit, 10% for hemoglobin concentration, 50% for ferritin, and 12% for RBC (p < 0.001). Maximal power output cumulatively increased in the placebo group as the maximal exercise tests were repeated (p < 0.001), which indicates positive training adaptations. This increase in maximal power output over the whole duration of the study was not observed in the donation group. Conclusions: Maximal, but not submaximal, endurance capacity was altered after blood donation in moderately trained people and the expected increase in capacity after multiple maximal exercise tests was not present when repeating whole blood donations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Sportphysiologie Ausdauer

Name:

Meurrens, Julie;
Steiner, Thomas;
Ponette, Jonathan;
Janssen, Hans Antonius;
Ramaekers, Monique;
Wehrlin, Jon Peter;
Vandekerckhove, Philippe and
Deldicque, Louise

ISSN:

2198-9761

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

03 Mar 2021 10:20

Last Modified:

31 Oct 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s40798-016-0067-7

Related URLs:

PubMed ID:

27873242

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Erythropoietin Ferritin Iron Lactate Maximal oxygen consumption Maximal power output

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.10946

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10946

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