Physical fitness level affects perception of chronic stress in military trainees

Tuch, Carolin; Teubel, Thomas; La Marca, Roberto; Roos, Lilian; Annen, Hubert; Wyss, Thomas (2017). Physical fitness level affects perception of chronic stress in military trainees Stress & Health, 33(5), pp. 490-497. John Wiley & Sons 10.1002/smi.2732

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This study investigated whether physical fitness affects the perception of chronic stress in military trainees while controlling for established factors influencing stress perception. The sample consisted of 273 men (20.23 ± 1.12 years, 73.56 ± 10.52 kg, 1.78 ± 0.06 m). Physical fitness was measured by progressive endurance run (maximum oxygen uptake; VO2 max), standing long jump, seated shot put, trunk muscle strength, and one leg standing test. Perceived stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Questionnaire in Weeks 1 and 11 of basic military training (BMT). VO2 max and four influencing variables (perceived stress in Week 1, neuroticism, transformational leadership style, and education level) explained 44.44% of the variance of the increase in perceived stress during 10 weeks of BMT (R2 = 0.444, F = 23.334, p < .001). The explained variance of VO2 max was 4.14% (R2 = 0.041), with a Cohen's f2 effect size of 0.045 (assigned as a small effect by Cohen, 1988). The results indicate a moderating influence of good aerobic fitness on the varied level of perceived stress. We conclude that it is advisable to provide conscripts with a specific endurance training program prior to BMT for stress prevention reasons.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Lehre und Sportpädagogik > Monitoring

Name:

Tuch, Carolin;
Teubel, Thomas;
La Marca, Roberto;
Roos, Lilian;
Annen, Hubert and
Wyss, Thomas

ISSN:

1532-3005 (Print) 1532-2998 (Online)

Publisher:

John Wiley & Sons

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

04 Nov 2020 13:54

Last Modified:

21 Sep 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/smi.2732

Related URLs:

PubMed ID:

27957824

Uncontrolled Keywords:

military trainees military training perceived stress physical fitness

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.10937

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10937

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