Relationship between the elements swallow, support scale and iron cross on rings and their specific preconditioning strengthening exercises

Hübner, Klaus; Schärer, Christoph (2015). Relationship between the elements swallow, support scale and iron cross on rings and their specific preconditioning strengthening exercises Science of Gymnastics Journal, 7(3), pp. 59-68. University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Department of Gymnastics

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International men's gymnastics has evolved rapidly on all six apparatus. On rings, strength elements are primarily determining. Various preconditioning strengthening exercises are performed routinely in training. However, the relationship between these exercises and the strength elements on rings, which would be of interest for coaches, are not well studied. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between strength in seven preconditioning exercises and performance of three important hold elements: Swallow, Support Scale and Iron Cross. Ten male gymnasts of the Swiss national team performed a 1RM test for each of the seven strength exercises and a maximum static hold of the strength elements on rings. A significant correlation was observed only between Swallow with the preconditioning exercises Swallow supine position (r: 0.71, p: 0.031) and Bench press (r: 0.71, p: 0.046); as well as between Support Scale and Swallow supine position (r: 0.69, p: 0.039). Iron Cross correlated highest with the Cross belt (r: 0.66, p: 0.051) and Bench press (r: 0.67, p: 0.069). Further, it was observed that a minimal 1RM of 73.4% body weight is needed for the exercise Swallow supine position in order to complete a hold of the element Swallow on rings. For execution of the element Support Scale, a 1RM of 67.4% body weight for the exercise Swallow supine position is needed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Sportphysiologie Kraft

Name:

Hübner, Klaus and
Schärer, Christoph

ISSN:

1855-7171

Publisher:

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Department of Gymnastics

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

15 Feb 2021 14:26

Last Modified:

26 Feb 2021 11:04

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Gymnastics 1RM Swallow Support scale Iron cross

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.10929

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10929

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