Training Methods and Training Instructors‘ Qualification are Related to Recruits‘ Fitness Development During Basic Military Training

Roos, Lilian; Hofstetter, Marie-Claire; Mäder, Urs; Wyss, Thomas (2015). Training Methods and Training Instructors‘ Qualification are Related to Recruits‘ Fitness Development During Basic Military Training Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 Sup(S11), S178-S186. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001106

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Adequate physical fitness is essential for successful military service. Military organizations worldwide therefore make continuous efforts to improve their army's physical training (PT) programs. To investigate the effect of the training methods and the qualification of PT instructors on the development of recruits' physical fitness, the present study compared the outcomes of 2 training groups. Both study groups participated in approximately 145 minutes per week of PT. The control group executed the standard army PT prepared and supervised by army PT instructors. Content of the PT in the intervention group was similar to that of the control group, but their training sessions' methods were different. Their training sessions were organized, prepared, and delivered by more and better-qualified supervisors (tertiary-educated physical education teachers). After 10 weeks of training, the participants of the intervention group experienced a significantly greater physical fitness improvement than those of the control group (positive change in endurance 32 and 17%, balance 30 and 21%, and core strength 74 and 45%, respectively). In both groups, the recruits with the lowest initial fitness levels significantly increased their performance. In the intervention group, but not the control, one-third of the recruits with the highest initial fitness levels were able to further improve their general fitness performance. This study demonstrates that the training methods and quality of instruction during PT sessions are relevant for recruits' fitness development in basic military training.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport
Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Lehre und Sportpädagogik > Monitoring

Name:

Roos, Lilian;
Hofstetter, Marie-Claire;
Mäder, Urs and
Wyss, Thomas

ISSN:

1064-8011 (Print) 1533-4287 (Online)

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2020 07:17

Last Modified:

09 Dec 2020 07:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1519/JSC.0000000000001106

PubMed ID:

26506185

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Balance Strength circuit Intermittent high-intensity interval training Fitness test

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10918

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