Effectiveness of supported employment in non-trial routine implementation : systematic review and meta-analysis

Richter, Dirk; Hoffmann, Holger (2019). Effectiveness of supported employment in non-trial routine implementation : systematic review and meta-analysis Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54(5), pp. 525-531. Steinkopff bei Springer LINK 10.1007/s00127-018-1577-z

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Purpose While supported employment (SE) programs for people with mental illness have demonstrated their superiority in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses, little is known about the effectiveness of non-trial routine programs. The primary objective of this study was to estimate a pooled competitive employment rate of non-trial SE programs by means of a meta-analysis. A secondary objective was to compare this result to competitive employment rates of SE programs in RCTs, prevocational training programs in RCTs and in routine implementation. Methods A systematic review and a random-effects meta-analysis of proportions were conducted. Quality assessment was provided. Moderator analyses by subgroup comparisons were conducted. Results Results from 28 samples were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled competitive employment rate for SE routine programs was 0.43 (95% CI 0.37–0.50). The pooled competitive employment rates for comparison conditions were: SE programs in RCTs: 0.50 (95% CI 0.43–0.56); prevocational programs in RCTs: 0.22 (95% CI 0.16–0.28); prevocational programs in routine programs: 0.17 (95% CI 0.11–0.23). SE routine studies conducted prior to 2008 showed a significantly higher competitive employment rate. Conclusion SE routine programs lose only little effectiveness compared to SE programs from RCTs but are much more successful in reintegrating participants into the competitive labor market than prevocational programs. Labor market conditions have to be taken into account when evaluating SE programs. Keywords Social psychiatry · Psychiatric rehabilitation · Supported employment · Routine implementation

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions


Richter, Dirk0000-0002-6215-6110 and
Hoffmann, Holger




Steinkopff bei Springer LINK




Christoph Golz

Date Deposited:

24 Jan 2020 06:53

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2020 13:29

Publisher DOI:


Additional Information:

Date: 2019





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